What are the Different Types of Tests Performed in a Pathology Lab?

A pathology lab is a special medical facility. Even, It does tests on samples, such as blood, urine, and tissues. The tests diagnose diseases and check a patient’s health.These tests play a crucial role in guiding medical professionals in making informed decisions about a patient’s treatment plan. In this comprehensive blog post, we will explore the different types of tests performed in a pathology laboratory, their purposes, and their significance in the healthcare industry.

Reasons to have a blood or pathology lab test

Screening versus investigation – the reason for tests

Pathology tests fall into two main types. These are screening tests and investigative tests. Healthcare providers perform screening tests on people with no symptoms. But, they are at risk due to factors like age, family history, or lifestyle. These tests aim to find health issues early. They allow for timely treatment. Further When a patient has symptoms or abnormalities, the provider orders tests to find the cause.

Common blood and pathology tests

Full blood count

A full blood count (FBC) is a routine test. It measures the number and traits of different blood cell types. These include red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. This test can help diagnose conditions such as anemia, infections, and blood disorders.

Liver function tests

Liver function tests assess liver health. They measure the levels of certain enzymes and proteins made by the liver. These tests can detect liver diseases, such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, and liver cancer.

Iron studies

Iron studies measure the levels of iron in the body and its ability to transport and store iron. These tests can help diagnose conditions like iron deficiency anemia, hemochromatosis (iron overload), and other iron-related disorders.

Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) quantification

TSH quantification measures the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone produced by the pituitary gland. This test is essential for diagnosing thyroid disorders, such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.


A urinalysis is a group of tests that analyze the physical, chemical, and microscopic properties of urine. It can detect various conditions, including urinary tract infections, kidney diseases, and diabetes.

INR (International Normalised Ratio)

The INR test measures blood’s clotting ability. Healthcare providers use it to check patients. The patients are taking anticoagulant drugs, like warfarin. They use these drugs to prevent or treat blood clots.

Typical pathology test procedures

Blood test

Blood tests are one of the most common pathology tests. A healthcare professional will draw a small amount of blood from a vein, usually in the arm, using a sterile needle and collect it in a vial or tube for analysis.

Urine sample

Patients must provide a midstream urine sample in a sterile container for a urine test. They need to take the sample using the clean-catch method. The sample is then analyzed for parts. These include proteins, glucose, and tiny elements.

Stool sample

Stool samples may be collected to test for the presence of blood, parasites, or other abnormalities. Patients are provided with a sterile container and instructions on how to collect and store the sample properly.

Where to go for blood and pathology tests

Blood and pathology tests can be performed at various healthcare facilities, including:

– Hospitals

– Diagnostic laboratories

– Clinics

– Doctors’ offices

It is essential to follow your healthcare provider’s instructions regarding the preparation, collection, and handling of samples to ensure accurate test results.

Where to get help

If you have any questions or concerns regarding blood or pathology tests, it is recommended to consult with your Dr.Vayas Lab in kota  a qualified medical professional. We provide you with detailed information, interpret the test results, and guide you on the appropriate course of action.

Frequently Asked Questions:

1. What tests are done in the pathology lab?

In a pathology lab, various tests are performed on samples such as blood, urine, and tissues. Some common tests include full blood count (FBC), liver function tests, iron studies, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) quantification, urinalysis, and INR (International Normalised Ratio) test.

2. What are the 2 types of general tests in pathology and laboratory?

The two main types of tests performed in a pathology lab are:

  1. Screening tests: Performed on individuals with no symptoms but at risk due to factors like age, family history, or lifestyle choices. These tests aim to detect potential health issues early.

  2. Investigative tests: Ordered when a patient presents with specific symptoms or abnormalities, to identify the underlying cause.

3. What are common tests done in laboratory?

Some common tests done in a pathology lab include full blood count (FBC), liver function tests, iron studies, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) quantification, urinalysis, and INR (International Normalised Ratio) test.

4. What is the most frequently performed laboratory test?

The document does not explicitly mention the most frequently performed laboratory test. However, it states that a full blood count (FBC) is a routine test, suggesting that it might be one of the most common tests performed in a pathology lab.

5. What is a full panel blood test called?

The document refers to a “full blood count” (FBC) as a routine test that measures the number and characteristics of different types of blood cells, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.


If you or a loved one require pathology testing services, don’t hesitate to contact Dr. Vaya’s Lab. Our team of experienced professionals utilizes state-of-the-art equipment and follows rigorous quality control procedures to ensure accurate and reliable results. Schedule an appointment today by calling 8824 911 390 or visiting our website at https://drvayaslab.com/.

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